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Oral Histories

Health Physicist William J. Bair, Ph.D.

Biochemist Waldo E. Cohn, Ph.D.

Dr. Patricia Wallace Durbin, Ph.D.

Merril Eisenbud

Dr. Nadine Foreman, M.D.

Radiologist Hymer L. Friedell, M.D., Ph.D.

Health Physicist Carl C. Gamertsfelder, Ph.D.

Dr. John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D.

Radiation Biologist Marvin Goldman, Ph.D.

Julie Langham Grilly

John W. Healy

Hematologist Karl F. Hubner, M.D.

Oral History of Radiologist Henry I. Kohn, M.D., Ph.D.

Medical Physicist Katherine L. Lathrop and Physician Paul V. Harper

Pathologist Clarence Lushbaugh, M.D.

Health Physicist Constantine J. Maletskos, Ph.D.

Radiologist Earl R. Miller, M.D.

Health Physicist Karl Z. Morgan, Ph.D.

Biochemist William D. Moss

Physiologist Nello Pace, Ph.D.

Cell Biologist Don Francis Petersen, Ph.D.

Radiobiologist Chet Richmond, Ph.D.

Physician James S. Robertson, M.D., Ph.D.

Biophysicist Robert E. Rowland, Ph.D.

Biophysicist Cornelius A. Tobias, Ph.D.

Biochemist John Randolph Totter, Ph.D.

Oncologist Helen Vodopick, M.D.

Dr. George Voelz, M.D.

Donner Lab Administrator Baird G. Whaley



Oral History of Health Physicist Constantine J. Maletskos, Ph.D.

Conducted January 20, 1995

United States Department of Energy
Office of Human Radiation Experiments
September 1995


Short Biography
Early Education and Career (1920 to Mid '50s)
Early Dosimetry Research (1940s to 1960)
Radium Dial Painter Research (Early '50s–60s)
Fernald School Calcium Metabolism Studies (1948 to Early '50s)
Iodine-131 Thyroid Research (Early '50s); Additional Calcium Metabolism Studies on Elderly Subjects (Early '50s)
Iodine-131 Research and the Fernald School (Early to Mid '50s)
Robley Evans's Role in Experiment Oversight and Funding Information
Experiment Safety Protocols, Clarified (1950s)
Radium and Thorium Ingestion by Human Subjects (Late '50s to Early '60s)
Volunteer Inducements and Informed-Consent Procedures
Cesium-132 Research on Humans (Mid '60s)
Radium Burden Examination of Radium Dial Painters (Mid '50s to 1985)
Other Radionuclide Research
Personal Anecdotes
Research as a Private Consultant and Additional Publications (1972–95)
Comments on Human Radiation ExperimentsationControversy
First Knowledge of Plutonium Injections
Thoughts on the Use of "Disadvantaged" Populations in Human Radiation Experimentsation
Career Highlights
Work With Manomet Bird Observatory (1975–95)
Additional Comments on Human Radiation Experimentation Controversy and Closing Comments