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Oral Histories

Health Physicist William J. Bair, Ph.D.

Biochemist Waldo E. Cohn, Ph.D.

Dr. Patricia Wallace Durbin, Ph.D.

Merril Eisenbud

Dr. Nadine Foreman, M.D.

Radiologist Hymer L. Friedell, M.D., Ph.D.

Health Physicist Carl C. Gamertsfelder, Ph.D.

Dr. John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D.

Radiation Biologist Marvin Goldman, Ph.D.

Julie Langham Grilly

John W. Healy

Hematologist Karl F. Hubner, M.D.

Oral History of Radiologist Henry I. Kohn, M.D., Ph.D.

Medical Physicist Katherine L. Lathrop and Physician Paul V. Harper

Pathologist Clarence Lushbaugh, M.D.

Health Physicist Constantine J. Maletskos, Ph.D.

Radiologist Earl R. Miller, M.D.

Health Physicist Karl Z. Morgan, Ph.D.

Biochemist William D. Moss

Physiologist Nello Pace, Ph.D.

Cell Biologist Don Francis Petersen, Ph.D.

Radiobiologist Chet Richmond, Ph.D.

Physician James S. Robertson, M.D., Ph.D.

Biophysicist Robert E. Rowland, Ph.D.

Biophysicist Cornelius A. Tobias, Ph.D.

Biochemist John Randolph Totter, Ph.D.

Oncologist Helen Vodopick, M.D.

Dr. George Voelz, M.D.

Donner Lab Administrator Baird G. Whaley



Oral History of Biophysicist Robert Edmund Rowland, Ph.D.

Conducted January 27, 1995

United States Department of Energy
Office of Human Radiation Experiments
June 1995


Short Biography
From College to Argonne National Laboratory
Initial Argonne Interest in Elgin State Hospital
Early Radium Injections at Elgin State Hospital
Radium Studies by Argonne National Laboratory
Medical Treatments Using Radium
Research Into How Radium Deposits in Bone
To University of Rochester for a Ph.D.
Wartime Plutonium Injection by Metallurgical Laboratory Staff
Director of the Radiological and Environmental Research Division
Establishment of the National Center for Human Radiobiology
Making Contact With Radium Cases for Follow-up
Tracing the Effects of Radium in Bone
Funding for Radium Study Ends
Recollections of Argonne Scientists Participating in Radium Studies
Radium-Induced Malignancies
Differing Perspectives on Radium Retention
Seeking a Threshold for Radium-Induced Malignancies
Radium in Ground Water
Obtaining Consent to Exhume Remains of Radium Cases
Human Use Committee at Argonne
Termination of the Radium Program
Potassium Studies in Cooperation with Loyola University
Arsenic-76 Study
Reassessment of Plutonium Injection Cases
Information Provided by Argonne to People in Radium Follow-up Program
Public and DOE Awareness of Plutonium Injections
Analyses of Thorium Workers